Root Canal Treatment


What is root canal treatment?
Root canal treatment (also called endodontics) is needed when the blood or nerve supply of the tooth (known as the pulp) is infected through decay or injury. You may not feel any pain in the early stages of the infection. In some cases, your tooth could darken in colour, which may mean that the nerve of the tooth has died (or is dying). This would need root canal treatment.


Why is root canal treatment needed?
If the pulp becomes infected, the infection may spread through the root canal system of the tooth. This may eventually lead to an abscess (gumboil). An abscess is an inflamed area in which pus collects and can cause swelling of the tissues around the tooth. The symptoms of an abscess can range from a dull ache to severe pain and the tooth may be tender when you bite. If root canal treatment is not carried out, the infection will spread and the tooth may need to be taken out.


Does root canal treatment hurt?
No. Usually, a local anaesthetic is used and it should feel no different to having an ordinary filling done. There may be some tenderness afterwards but this should gradually get less over time.


What does it involve?
The aim of the treatment is to remove all infection from the root canal. The root is then cleaned and filled to prevent any further infection. Root canal treatment is a skilled and time-consuming procedure. Most courses of treatment will involve two or more visits to your dentist. At the first appointment, the infected pulp is removed, and any abscesses can be drained. The root canal is then cleaned and shaped ready for the filling. A temporary filling is put in and the tooth is left to settle.
The tooth is checked at a later visit and when all the infection has cleared, the tooth is permanently filled.


What if I don't have the treatment?
The alternative is to have the tooth out. Once the pulp is destroyed it can't heal, and it is not recommended to leave an infected tooth in the mouth.
Although some people would prefer to have the tooth out, it is usually best to keep as many natural teeth as possible.


Will the tooth be safe after treatment?
Yes. However, as a dead tooth is more brittle, it may be necessary to restore the tooth with a crown to provide extra support and strength to the tooth.

Single-Sitting Root Canal Treatment


What is Single-Sitting Root Canal Procedure ?

  • First a local anesthesia is administered to the tooth and the tooth become numb so that the procedure is more pleasant & comfortable.
  • Next step the Dentist uses a drill to gain access to the area inside the tooth where the nerve is. A hole is made inside the tooth, to open the pulp chamber to allow access to the canals.
  • Next, he cleans the pulp chamber and all root canals using with help of special endo-handpiece instruments with use rotary files the infected nerves are removed.
  • The root canals are flushed with antibacterial solution. Root canals are further cleaned scrapes and scrubs, cleaning it of debris and bacteria & reshaped to free them of all debris with the endorotary file instrument.
  • Once the root canals are dry & clean, he is filled and sealed with a biocompatible material like as GuttaPurcha Points.
  • The tooth cavity is then filled with a permanent tooth color light cure composite filling material.
  • A root canal treated tooth should be ideally crowned after some days..

Advantage of Single Visit Root Canal Treatment

  • Takes only half an hour to finish procedure thus saves time.
  • A single visit procedure.
  • The patient does not feel discomfort by local anesthesia again and again every visit.
  • Favorable in patient who do not show up after first sitting in traditional old root canal treatment.
  • This reduces the re infection chances by number of visits.

Indication of Single Visit Root Canal Treatment

  • Tooth nerve tissue has started to degenerate in case of attrition, abrasion.
  • Teeth causing pain.
  • Tooth nerve exposure in case of fracture or trauma to the tooth.
  • Patients with acute tooth abscess.

Contraindication of Single Visit Root Canal Treatment

  • The tooth with chronic periapical abscess.
  • The tooth with the periapical swelling.
  • Mobile (Shaking or loosened) teeth.

How long does Single visit root canal treatment take time?
Single sitting root canal is only an one hour procedure per tooth depending on numbers of canals present in the tooth.


What happens after the procedure?
After the single sitting root canal treatment patient may feel a mild sense which is controlled by medicine. After the procedure the Dentist will guide the patient what to eat and chew on that side.

“A Dental Crown / Cap is necessary on root canal treated teeth because the tooth is non vital so any hard food chewing chance to tooth fracture possibilities.”